WHAT ARE SOCIAL PROBLEMS?
Social problems are found in any type of community. They are solved easily where people understand their social responsibility and live up to the standard. The solution starts with acknowledging the problem and understanding it.
Some people believe that social problems have to be solved by the government or by someone else. They do not seem to understand their share of social responsibility in solving them. However, identifying a problem as a social one allows the society to use its communal resources for its elimination. Surely, the government has its social services, which use money, education, assistance and other tools to resolve the issue.
Still, individual members of community and various entities, such as churches, charities or companies, should not shun their share of responsibility and their load of work. In many cases, such problems as poor education are not viewed by people involved in them as their direct responsibility. They do not believe they can really do something to fix them, thus, they mostly remain unsolved and people keep on complaining. That is why understanding the idea of social problems is so important for all of us.
As you see, it is not enough to just identify problematic social conditions, we need to find an adequate solution for them, although, realizing them is an integral part of that solution.
What are the social problems in Nigeria?
National identity problem
Recently Nigeria has celebrated its 57th independence anniversary. This country is young and it was created artificially after its decolonization. The land is shared by a huge number of tribes and that plays the key part in shaping contemporary social problems for Nigeria.
This country struggles to gain its national idea and identity that would unite all the ethnic and religious groups within it. The conflicts related to Biafra, Boko Haram, The Herdsmen and other issues create significant tension in the community.
Possible Solution: Nigeria should have a concrete and correct data base. This will enable every individual to be accounted for, just like it is done in more developed Countries. If every individual data can be gotten from a data base, it enables the government to tackle most terrorism cases as individuals involved can be gotten just by a facial scan.
What are major social problems examples for this country? Among the top social scourges of Nigeria is poverty. It becomes the cause of many other troubles in the society. A large portion of population lives below the poverty line.
Since 2004 the number of people, who have just $1.25 per day to spend has constantly grown. The same can be said about the number of people, who survive on just $2 per day. Presently over 70% of the country’s population live under the poverty line and this percentage has rapidly increased from almost 35% in 1992 to over 70% in 2010 and on.
possible solution: One very important solution is for women to reduce their number of birth so as to Carter adequately for fewer children no matter how devastating the economy may be. While for people already facing the hardship of poverty; jobs or entrepreneurial opportunities should be created by government in order for them to learn one trade or the order. This will not only reduce the poverty rate but also the unemployment rate.
And rapid population growth is not the only cause of poverty in Nigeria. Corruption is a great contributor to this social issue. Some of Nigerian politicians and people in ruling offices in just one year make as much, as other citizens would make in 65 years! Corrupted system and failure of justice leads to bribes, stealing, manipulation, etc. Poor people hardly have any civil rights, while the rich ones become only wealthier every year. Possible solution: over the years it as been a dead-end trying to find a solution to corruption. This is because corruption isn’t only found just in the corrupted leaders but also among almost all Nigerians daily. It can be by a little bribe or connections, or trying to push someone with no quality into a position he doesn’t deserve. Fighting corruption as to be a joint effort. We all have to stand and expose corruption and speak the truth concerning matters very close to our environment.
Nigeria is the Giant of Africa. Its economy is the largest one on the continent and the GDP continue to grow. However, those goods and natural resources are not spread equally among the population. Nigeria is called a rich country with poor people. In fact, the richest man in Africa comes from Nigeria (Aliko Dagnote).And he is not the only one in the list of the richest persons of this continent.
The problem is that the main part of population of the country is engaged in agriculture. This sector is where the poverty rules. The main riches come from oil production, but only few people have access to this sector of economy. So, poor become even poorer and rich gain more wealth.
Possible solution: firstly, government should implement their already made policies including gender policy which aims for gender equality. The government also have promised her people equal distribution of wealth and should be implemented.
Boko Haram, Fulani Herdsmen and others has made Nigeria to be negatively famous throughout the world. These groups fight against western ways of life, education, medicine and other things. Hundreds of people have been killed during the attacks of terrorism and millions got displaced from their home villages and towns. That greatly contributes to social problems in Nigeria.
Possible solutions: the use of violence to fight violence may never work to dissolve terrorism as a lot of innocent people will lose their lives. Studies has shown that the most effective solution to terrorism is by effective security and dialoging with terrorists to resolve the issues regarding the cause for terrorism and the government must place the advantages of the masses first. This dialogue is the responsibility of the government and should be done to keep the country safe.
High level of child mortality
What are some social problems in this country? This is one of the saddest of them. In 2015 child mortality rate in Nigeria has reached an immense level. Every day over 2000 children under the age of 5 die of malnutrition, diseases and poor care. Nigeria takes the second place among all the countries in the world by the child mortality rate!
Poverty, lack of education among women and poor health care system keep it at such a high level. In most cases antibiotics that cost under $10 dollars could have saved a life of a child, but such luxury is unavailable to their parents, who make living on just 1.25 dollars per day!
Possible solution: the truth is the illiteracy level of mothers may continue to lead to child death. Women have to put effort to know how to take care of their children properly especially between the first year of birth as they are more prone to diseases and death that year. We are not undermining the knowledge of mothers but additional knowledge will keep mother and child healthy and safe. Additional knowledge can be gotten through various means including asking Doctors and midwives, going for seminars about child health, regular antenatal, reading books that specialise on child health and nutrition, etc
Currently the unemployment rate in Nigeria is 10.2% with the number of graduates universities are producing yearly. In parts it is caused by the displaced persons, who were forced to leave their homes and flee. This creates social psychological issues and evokes enmity between different tribes in the country. People leave their homes and go to overpopulated cities, such as Lagos, Kano, looking to make their living and get a better life.
Possible Solution: since we all are now aware of the employment problem in our economy, everyone should aim for a “back up plan”. If there is no job in the economy, then aim at creating jobs. This can be done by learning one or two trades. Attending school gives you an additional knowledge- be an educated tailor, educated baker, educated shoe maker, etc. There is nothing that pays more than being your own boss.
Many acknowledge that educational system of Nigeria has crushed. They blame corruption and government for such an outcome. Only little over 50 percent of Nigerian women can read or write and that rate is a bit higher for men – 70%. In the early 2000 the situation started to improve, but now the number of illiterate people has grown again.That has become a real problem, as our world is technocratic. People with no special skills and knowledge have little chances of succeeding in it.
Possible Solution: there should be adequate funding for the educational sector. The Nigeria government needs a reawakening. Especially for all promises they gave in respect to education. Education in primary and secondary level is to be free as promised in the 1999 Nigerian constitution. Every child as a right to education and in a conducive and clean environment.
Tribal conflicts are natural for Nigeria, as this country has never existed before. There are three major tribes, such as Ibo, Hausa and Yoruba, and other several minority tribes. All the tribes have their own religion, culture, languages. It is not surprising that they engage in conflicts and fight over the power in the newly shaped country. Even 50+ years is not enough to bring those tribes to unity and shape their national identity.
Possible solution: it’s no longer news that Nigeria has a lot of tribal groups, the only solution is to keep tolerating each other as what makes Nigeria itself are the different kinds of people.
This might seem like a controversial issue for some people. In some cultures home violence against children and women is considered to be Ok. However, that is a real problem. Often times it is tightly related to alcohol or drug abuse. At times it leads to serious injuries or even murders. In most cases the victims of such crimes have nowhere to turn to for help.
Possible Solution: some people get married despite being aware of their partner being a bully. This shouldn’t happen as forever is a very long time away. Also, no one should tolerate violence of any kind. They are organizations that take these issues very seriously. check the internet for these organizations or ask people in your neighborhood. Home violence is a terrible crime and should be taken as one.
The rate of population growth in Nigeria is one of the leading social problems. The rapid population has caused an increase in poverty, crime rate, unemployment and many other social vices. Nigeria population hit about 195 million in 2018, which is the largest population in Africa.
Possible Solution:There should be a cause for alarm, as more increase in population growth contributes negatively to the Nigeria economy. Women should make use of contraceptives or birth control methods to limit their birth and also to limit the rate at which people give birth to children they can’t carter for. Also, birth control campaigns should be done by the government and men and women should be educated on reasons to control population.
The Nigeria economy had overly relied on crude oil which has been one major cause for the fall in the economy. Nigeria is well known for its agricultural background and rich soil but due to the dependence on crude oil, this part of our heritage as been neglected.
Possible Solution:This as contributed to the rate of poverty in the economy but if Nigeria resources are being managed and utilized properly, then the economy will change positively. Also, the rate of poverty will reduce.
This has resulted into many loss of live in the name of BELIEF. There many kinds of religious beliefs accepted in Nigeria as a practice and people have used the practice of their religion against others, claiming protection for their religion.
Possible solution: As far as the government allows these religions, a boundary should be set equally for them and individual should be allowed to make his choice of religion willingly with ease and not with enforcement or through war and violence. Any religion that looks terrorizing should also be scribe.
These are some of social problems in Nigeria. No doubt, these are serious issues and they demand government strategies and ruling to solve them. But what are the main causes of social problems in this state? Why does it seem like the authorities are unable to cope with them successfully?
The answer is that those problems are rooted in the hearts and minds of people. They cannot be uprooted by any social program that is not aimed at raising the level of social responsibility and awareness. The only way to deal away with them is by “awakening” people and helping them realize that they are the part of the problem and they should become the part of the solution as well.